EB3 Visa Category
An EB3 visa is an employment-based, category of visa issued to foreign national employees to work in the United States. These employees enter the United States with a green card as skilled or professional workers. They fill jobs when an American employee is unavailable.
The EB3 visa category allows U.S. employers to hire a foreign national through green card sponsorship when American workers are unavailable. The Department of Labor (DOL) requires the employer to test the labor market before submitting a petition with USCIS. This process is commonly known as “PERM process” or Labor Certification. Once the employer goes through the PERM process, the DOL issues a Labor Certification. A labor certification means that the employer tried to recruit an American, but was unable to find a willing and available worker. The employer can then petition the foreign employee for a green card. The employee and their family will obtain the green card (permanent residence in U.S.). The green card allows the employee to have work authorization and social security number. The green card expires in ten years and can be renewed indefinitely. Therefore, the employer will have a permanent worker indefinitely.
This process takes some time to complete. However, it is an option for employers that have difficulty finding candidates to fill positions or are unable to find qualified employees for their business.